Charles de Gaulle was the general of the french resistance and runner of Free French Forces during World War Two, who also became the Prime Minester of France in 1944-1946
Charles was born in French Flanders on November twenty-second 1890. He was the third child to Henri de Gaulle. From an early age Charles' father would quiz Charles and his siblings on French history sparking Charles' interest in warfare and strategy. When Charles was only eight he was traumatized by the war between France and Britian, which lead to his discomfort and distrust of Britain at a later age.
Charles was always reading novels theoretically too advanced for him. At the age of only ten he was reading of medieval tales such as the Hundred Years War. In his teens he started writing his own novels, one of which was privately published.
At age ten Charles and his family moved to Paris.
He attended College Stanislas for Literature and History.
Feeling as though he had potential for greatness and feeling shame for France's lose in 1870 he decided to take a career in the military.
world war 1
Charles was promoted to platoon commander when war broke out, but was one of the first to be injured and put into a hospital. After being injured de Gaulle was left with a bitter hate of how the tactics were being laid out on the battle field. When he returned to the battle field he was given his own unit whom in which became famous for going into "No-mans land" and eavesdropping on apposing forces to learn plans. In 1915 he was promoted to Captain after receiving a citation for his bravery. Shortly after he had an accident with a land mine leaving his left hand obsolete forcing him to wear his wedding ring on his right hand. During the battle of Verdun in March 1916 Charles was stunned then stabbed by a bayonet and in the end was captured and imprisoned. While inprissoned de Gaulle was given the nickname Le Connetable, "The Constable" due to him reading German newspapers while in jail and speaking his mind on all of which he thought corrupt in the paper.
While in captivety Charles wrote his first book L'ennemi et la vrai ennemi, which was co-written by Matthieu Butler. The book was published in 1924.
He made 5 unsuccessful escapes and was put into solitary confinement. He was more upset that the war continued without him than he was
World war two
When World War Two started de Gaulle was still at the rank of Colonel do to his issues and additude towards the leaders of the military. At the start he was commanding a tank regiment in the French Fifth Army. After the Germans attack and conquer in Sedan Charles was put in control of 4e Division Cuirassée, an improvised platoon that was put together on the battle feild. On May 17, de Gaulle attacked the German forces in Montcornet with 200 tanks and no air force. They triumphed in this battle and because of that de Gaulle was promoted to Brigadier General. His new rank was his last promotion to ever be recieved.
On June 5th the Prime Minister appointed Charles Under Secretary of State for National Defence and War, which gave him all coordination inside of the United Kingdom.
Being a junior member of the government he tried, but failed to give in full surrender. He purposed that the government move to North Africa and try to carry on what they could from French-African colonies. A declaration of union was purposed between France and Britain but was turned down by Phillipe Petain, the Prime Minisster of the time due to his belief that Germany was soon to over come Britian.
Petain stated "In three weeks Britain will have it's neck wrung out like a chicken!"
Soon after de Gaulle learned that Petain had become Prime Minister and that he had planned to side with the Nazis and control la Vichy. After such events unfolded de Gaulle proceeded to create the Free French Forces. A force of civilians and soldiers alike that had to flee France due to Petain and his army of Vichy.
On June 18th de Gaulle aired a radio show showing his support and telling the rebels that they are what's left of the true France. Originally England was going to stop this broadcast, and they could of being that it was on BBC but Prime Minister Winston Churchill called off the block and let Charles air his support.
Charles' support was so strong even though it didn't reach all of France it rallied more and more soldiers and even some of the Vichy regime turned over to the FFF. Through out time the allies gained more confidence and continued to help and support the FFF. Although he collected much alliance he still held a very weary suspicion against England thinking that they will take over France when they push back. His suspicions frustrated Churchill but his frustration was over come by his admiration for de Gaulle's confidence.
In 1943 a full army was built of members of the FFF and other whom hadn't joined prior. Changing their name to French First Army with help of the allied forces they invaded the remaining German and pushing back what of their forces remained. In June 1994 de Gaulle returned from England to France.
Later the Germans fired a massive artillary of air force on France as payback for their defeat killing over a thousand French and wounding thousands of others.
The situation was tense in Paris until the 29th of August when the US 28th Infantry Divison paraded down the Champs
Elysees which concluded most of the issues in Paris.
Near the End...
Charles de Gaulle lived to become Prime Minister of France, created the Fifth Republic and stopped all communist rebels in France. He served two terms as Prime Minister and retired from politics and his presidency in 1969. In 1970 a short two weeks before his 80th birthday he died of a ruptured blood vessel.